Electrician

Electricians install and maintain electrical systems. In the minerals and energy industry they are responsible for establishing and ensuring ongoing supplies of power from generators to plant and accommodation units. They may perform the following tasks:

Career Outlook

An electrician installs wiring, fuses and other electrical components in homes, businesses, and factories. He or she also maintains that equipment. In addition to working with high voltage wiring, many electricians install and maintain voice, data and video wiring. An electrician can specialize in either maintenance or construction but many work in both areas.

Electricians read blueprints, which are technical diagrams of electrical systems that show the location of circuits, outlets, and other equipment. They use different types of hand and power tools, such as conduit benders, to run and protect wiring. Other commonly used hand and power tools include screwdrivers, wire strippers, drills, and saws. While troubleshooting, electricians also may use ammeters, voltmeters, thermal scanners, and cable testers to find problems and ensure that components are working properly.

Many electricians work alone, but sometimes they collaborate with others. For example, experienced electricians may work with building engineers and architects to help design electrical systems for new construction.

Some electricians may also consult with other construction specialists, such as elevator installers and heating and air conditioning workers, to help install or maintain electrical or power systems. At larger companies, electricians are more likely to work as part of a crew; they may direct helpers and apprentices to complete jobs.

Essential Electrician Skill Set

Business skillsSelf-employed electricians must be able to bid on new jobs, track inventory, and plan payroll and work assignments.

Color visionElectricians must identify electrical wires by color.

Critical-thinking skills Electricians perform tests and use the results to diagnose problems. For example, when an outlet is not working, they may use a multimeter to check the voltage, amperage, or resistance to determine the best course of action.

Customer-service skills Residential electricians work with people on a regular basis. They should be friendly and be able to address customers’ questions.

Physical stamina Electricians often need to move around all day while running wire and connecting fixtures to the wire.

Physical strength Electricians need to be strong enough to move heavy components, which may weigh up to 25 kilograms.

Troubleshooting skills Electricians find, diagnose, and repair problems. For example, if a motor stops working, they perform tests to determine the cause of its failure and then, depending on the results, fix or replace the motor.

Entry Requirements

It is assumed that learners embarking on learning towards this qualification are in possession of a minimum:

Grade 12 with
– Mathematics (not Maths Literacy)
– Physical Science
– Technical Drawing
– Electrical Technology

OR

N2 Technical qualification with relevant subjects:
– Mathematics
– Engineering Science
– Industrial Electronics
– Electrical Trade Theory

OR

– NCV Level 4
– Completed 7 subjects
– (50% or higher is required)

Course Outline

The course consists of the following modules:
HEALTH, SAFETY, QUALITY AND LEGISLATION
– Industry Context
– Health, Safety, Quality and Legislation

TOOLS, EQUIPMENT AND MATERIALS
– Tools, Equipment and Materials
– Use hand, power and measuring tools

ELECTRICITY AND ELECTRONICS
– Fundamentals of electricity
– Electronics
– Electrical principles of appliances
– Perform soldering activities

WIRE WAYS AND WIRING (INCLUDING SANS 10142-1)
– Wireways
– Wiring of installations
– Earthing and bonding

ROTATING ELECTRICAL MACHINERY
– Rotating electrical machinery – AC motors
– Rotating Electrical Machinery – DC motors
– Rotating electrical machinery – Alternators and Generators

ELECTRICAL SUPPLY SYSTEMS AND COMPONENTS
– Concepts, theories and principles of supply Systems
– Batteries
– Transformers
– Types of cables and applications
– Switchgear and control gear
– Lighting systems

LOW VOLTAGE PROTECTION
– Application of low voltage protection
– Types of low voltage protection
– Low voltage protection parameters and statutory requirements

FAULT FINDING
– Fault find and repair electrical control systems and electrical installations
– Faultfinding principles for electrical circuits
– Faultfinding techniques for electrical circuits

BASIC WELDING
– Arc weld metal to specification
– Gas weld, silver solder and braze metal to specification
– Gas cut metal to specification

Institutional Training

This program provides for delivery in a variety of modes, including:
– Self-paced delivery
– Classroom delivery
– Workplace experience
– Simulated workplace delivery
– Combined delivery with other related units

Learning Activities during Institutional Training
During the knowledge modules learners will be required to participate in various interactive activities, which were designed to equip them with the knowledge required. Some of the classroom learning activities may ask them to check their answers with their facilitator or to check them in the learning activities.
During the practical skills modules learners will be required to demonstrate that they can put their knowledge to practice by doing practical tasks in a well-equipped workshop and controlled learning environment. Progress will be monitored by the facilitator and eventually learners will be assessed against prescribed criteria to declare them competent against these practical modules.
Total duration of institutional training required for knowledge and practical skills modules is nine months. During these nine months we will focus on the assessment requirements they need to meet as well as the background knowledge required for successful electrical skills.
Individual learning progress will allow learners to complete the training at their own paste depending on previous exposure to similar knowledge and experience.

Workplace Experience
During the workplace skills modules learners will be mentored and monitored in an accredited workplace under the supervision of a mentor or subject matter expert to ensure that he/she is able to fault find and maintain electrical equipment.

Trade Test
Once all the above modules have been addressed, the learner will be able to apply for trade test at Durnacol Skills Hub.

Employer

Government departments
– Transportation services
– Municipalities
– Factories
– Mines
– Industries
– Private electrical businesses
– Companies such as Arcellor Mittal, Eskom and Sasol
– Self-employment

Courses

DURNACOL Skills Hub - South Africa's Premier Independent National Technical Training Centre